Child growth is a physiological process and is directly related to his general state of health. At the same time, approximately 3% of children face growth problems, which, if not diagnosed in time, result in serious consequences for the rest of their lives.
Suspecting a growth problem is not complicated and every parent should pay attention to their child’s development. Sometimes the problem is present at birth and these children require careful monitoring of their growth rate. Normally, during the first year of life the growth rate is 23-28 cm, in the second year 10-15 cm, and then continues with 4.5-7 cm until the age of 10-13 years, following an acceleration characteristic of the puberty period with a height jump of up to 25-28 cm during 3-4 years. Any deviation from this pattern of development raises a high degree of suspicion for the existence of serious health problems: endocrine diseases, bone pathologies, genetic diseases, nutritional disorders and chronic diseases. The treatment, in most cases, is very effective, but its result depends, first of all, on the age at which the diagnosis was established, which should not exceed 3-5 years. In such a situation, prophylactic examinations with assessment of body height and weight, no less than once a year, are essential to ensure the health status of your child.